Jewish agricultural colonies south of Ukraine and Crimea
01.01.2015 version of the page http://www.evkol.nm.ru/colony_ekaterinoslav_en.htm/


 
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История еврейских земледельческих колоний Юга Украины
 
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Колонии Херсонской губернии
 
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Колонии Екатеринославской губернии
 
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О названиях еврейских колоний
 
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Частновладельческие еврейские колонии Херсонской губернии
 
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Религия и еврейские земледельческие колониии
 
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Юденплан
 
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Погромы в годы Гражданской войны
 
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Еврейские национальные административные единицы Юга Украины (1930 г.)
 
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Калининдорфский еврейский национальный район
 
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Сталиндорфский еврейский национальный район
 
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Новозлатопольский еврейский национальный район
 
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Отдельные еврейские земледельческие поселения Юга Украины, основанные в 1920-1930 гг.
 
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Еврейские поселения в Крыму (1922-1926)
 
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Еврейские населенные пункты в Крыму до 1941 г.
 
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Фрайдорфский и Лариндорфский еврейские национальные районы
 
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История отдельных колоний
 
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Colonies of Kherson guberniya
 
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Colonies of Ekaterinoslav guberniya
 
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The Jewish national administrative units of South Ukraine (1930)
 
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Kalinindorf jewish national rayon
 
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Stalindorf jewish national rayon
 
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The Jewish settlements in Crimea (1922-1926)
 
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The Jewish settlements in Crimea till 1941
 
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Fraydorf and Larindorf Jewish national rayons



Yakov Pasik      

The colonies of Ekaterinoslav guberniya


The Map of Jewish Agricultural Colonies in Ekaterinoslav Guberniya

Карта

Jewish Agricultural Colonies of South Ukraine

Colony name Location Year of
establishment
Settlement
(data for 2006)
Aleksandrovsk uezd
№ 1 Novozlatopol (Novyy Zlatopol, Nay Zlatopol) N 47°39'20",
E 36°34'10"
1848 Village Novozlatopol
Novozlatopol village soviet
Gulyay Pole rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
№ 2 Veselaya (Gupalov, Gupalovka) N 47°40'50",
E 36°37'05"
1845 Village Gupalovka
Novozlatopol village soviet
Gulyay Pole rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
(data for 1946) does not exist
№ 3 Krasnoselka (Skotovskaya, Gorkaya, Girka) N 47°36'50",
E 36°34'02"
1845 Village Krasnoselоvka
Chubarevka village soviet
Pologi rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
№ 4 Mezhirich (Mezhiriche) N 47°36'17",
E 36°25'06"
1845 Village Mezhirich
Novoselovskoe village soviet
Pologi rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
№ 5 Trudolyubovka (Leyngel-Khutor) N 47°28'16",
E 36°44'38"
1848 Colony Trudolyubovka destroyed by pogrom-makers in January 1919 was not restored
№ 6 Nechayevka (Penner-Khutor) N 47°29'41",
E 36°45'52
1848 Bowery Gorky
Kobylnoe village soviet
Rozovka rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
(data for 1946) does not exist
№ 8 Priyutnaya (Takni) N 47°43'44",
E 36°40'20"
1848 Village Priyutnoye
Priyutnoye village soviet
Gulyay Pole rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
№ 9 Roskoshnaya (Galushkin) N 47°44'43",
E 36°38'11"
1855 Village Roskoshnoe
Oktyabrskoe village soviet
Gulyay Pole rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
(data for 1946) does not exist
№10 Bogodarovka, Bogodarevka (Kovalevskaya) N 47°46'50",
E 36°38'03"
1855 Village Novodarovka
Priyutnoye village soviet
Gulyay Pole rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
№11 Gorkaya (Nazarovka, Nazarеvich, Nazarеvicheva) N 47°44'07",
E 36°33'39"
1850 Village Nazarovka
Oktyabrskoe village soviet
Gulyay Pole rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
(data for 1946) does not exist
Mariupol uezd
№ 7 Grafskaya (Kamper-Khutor) N 47°30'44",
E 36°49'36"
1848 Village Proletarskoye
Proletarskoye village soviet
Rozovka rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
№12 Zelenopol (Zelenoe Pole, Myadler) N 47°33'10",
E 36°51'00"
1853 Village Zelenopol
Proletarskoye village soviet
Rozovka rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
№13 Nadezhnaya (Vilenskaya, Vilner) N 47°34'40",
E 36°50'12"
1855 Village Nadezhnoye
Proletarskoye village soviet
Rozovka rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
№14 Sladkovodnaya (Kobylnayay, Kobylne) N 47°34'09",
E 36°46'15"
1853 Village Sladkovodnoye
Sladkovodnoye village soviet
Rozovka rayon
Zaporozhe oblast
№15 Zatishye (Zatisha, Bakher-Khutor) N 47°31'15",
E 37°19'36"
1853 Village Zatishnoe
Zlatoustovka village soviet
Volnovakha rayon
Donetsk oblast
№16 Ravnopol (Rovnopol, Rovnoe Pole, Laten -Khutor) N 47°33'30",
E 37°13'57"
1858 Village Ravnopol
Ravnopol village soviet
Volnovakha rayon
Donetsk oblast
№17 Khlebodarovka (Solntseva) N 47°28'51",
E 37°23'40"
1858 Settlement Khlebodarovka
Khlebodarovka village soviet
Volnovakha rayon
Donetsk oblast

Ed. note:

   Before the official name specifies its official serial number. Then in brackets it is given the informal name of colony. Further is specified the name received by a colony as a result of renaming during the Soviet period.
   Colony Trudolyubovka has been destroyed as a result of pogrom in January, 1919 and after civil war was not restored.
   Gorky (former Nechaevka), Gupalovka (former Veselaya), Nazarovka (former Gorkaya) and Roskoshnaya have disappeared from a map in 1950's - 60 years when there was no Jewish population any more. To these years in Soviet Union was spent the policy of liquidation of unpromising villages and creations in a countryside the large settlements.

Data on the colonies of Ekaterinoslav guberniya

      Aleksandrovsk uezd

Карта
Novozlatopol, Veselaya, Krasnoselka

Novozlatopol, №1

Novozlatopol, Colony of Jews, to the left of the new Mariupol tract, at river Sukhoy Yanchur, to uezd town 150 verst, to police station 38 verst, homesteads - 110, habitancy of male persuasion - 682 and of female persuasion - 597, jewish prayer house [6].

Novo-Zlatopol, Colony of Jews, at the gully Sukhoy Yanchur, homesteads - 79, number of people - 880; village prikaz (board); to uezd town 135 verst [2].

Novo-Zlatopol - Jewish agricultural colony, Aleksandrovsk uezd, Ekaterinoslav guberniya. According to population census 1897 number of people was 817 of them 669 Jews. According to territorial population census 1899 number of people was 852; 978 dessiatinas of land. There is (1910) one jewish public school [5].


Фото/Видео
Pupils during the lesson in the school of the colony Novozlatopol, 1904
Фото/Видео
General view of the colony Novozlatopol school, 1904
Фото/Видео
Novozlatopol rural office, 1904

Veselaya, №2

Veselaya, Colony of Jews, to the left of the new Mariupol tract, at river Sukhoy Yanchur, to uezd town 154 verst, to police station 42 verst, homesteads - 43, habitancy of male persuasion - 221 and of female persuasion - 209, jewish prayer house [6].

Veselaya (Gupalovka), Colony of Jews, at the gully Solenaya, homesteads - 47, number of people - 451; jewish prayer house, shop [2].

Veselaya - Jewish agricultural colony of Ekaterinoslav guberniya, established in 1845 come from Vitebsk and Mogilev guberniyas. Number of families in 1858 - 27; in 1897 available families - 69, consisting of 436 persons on 1947 dessiatinas. There is (1909) jewish initial school. - Ср.: Улейников (Биншток), "Евр. земл. колония Екатер. губ.", 1891; "Сборник Еврейск. колон. общ.", т. II, табл. 35 [5].

Фото/Видео    Teachers and pupils in front of the school of the colony Veselaya, 1904


Krasnoselka, №3

Krasnoselka, Colony of Jews, to the left of the new Mariupol tract, at river Sukhoy Yanchur, to uezd town 143 verst, to police station 33 verst, homesteads - 33, habitancy of male persuasion - 324 and of female persuasion - 322, jewish prayer house [6].

Krasnoselka, colony of Jews, at the gully Gorkaya, homesteads - 46, number of people - 601; synagogue [2].

Krasnoselka - Jewish agricultural settlement, Aleksandrovsk uezd, Ekaterinoslav guberniya. Number of families in 1858 - 42; in 1897 - 107, consisting of 635 person: allotted land - 1260 dessiatinas; leasehold land - 190 dessiatinas. There is public school [5].

Фото/Видео   Teachers and pupils in front of the school of the colony Krasnoselka, 1904


Mezhirich
Mezhirich, №4

Mezhirich, Colony of Jews, to the left of the new Mariupol tract, at river Gaychul, to uezd town 135 verst, to police station 28 verst, homesteads - 53, habitancy of male persuasion - 289 and of female persuasion - 277, jewish prayer house [6].

Mezhirich, Colony of Jews, at river Gaychul, homesteads - 53, number of people - 699; synagogue [2].

Фото/Видео   Country estate and the house of the colony Mezherich Jew-farmer, 1904

Карта
Trudolyubovka, Nechayevka

Trudolyubovka, №5

Trudolyubovka, Colony of Jews, to the left of the new Mariupol tract, at the nameless ravine, to uezd town 150 verst, to police station 12 verst, homesteads - 26, habitancy of male persuasion - 271 and of female persuasion - 279, jewish prayer house [6].

Trudolyubovka, Colony of Jews, at the ravine Bezymyannyy, homesteads 58, number of people 534; jewish prayer house, shop [2].

Trudolyubovka - Jewish agricultural colony of Ekaterinoslav guberniya. The number of families in 1858 was counted 32; to beginning 1897 - 95. Land of colony - 2005 dessiatinas; alloted land for colonists - 960 dessiatinas. According to population census 1897 number of people 564, of them 527 Jews [5].

Nechayevka, №6

Nechaevka, Colony of Jews, to the left of the new Mariupol tract, at well, to uezd town 148 verst, to police station 14 verst, homesteads - 19, habitancy of male persuasion - 204 and of female persuasion - 297, jewish prayer house [6].

Nechayevka, Colony of Jews, at wells on plain, homesteads - 33, number of people - 358; village prikaz; to uezd town 148 verst [2].

Nechayevka - Jewish agricultural colony, Aleksandrovsk uezd, Ekaterinoslav guberniya. According to territorial population census 1899 a population consisted of 239 person, which had 630 dessiatinas of allotted land [5].

Карта
Priyutnaya, Roskoshnaya, Bogodarovka, Gorkaya

Priyutnaya, №8

Priyutnaya, Colony of Jews, at the gully Grushevataya, homesteads - 46, number of people - 427; village prikaz (board); to uezd town 110 verst.; jewish prayer house [2].

Priyutnaya - Jewish agricultural settlement of Ekaterinoslav guberniya. In 1858 were counted 29 families; in 1897 - 55 (292 person); which had 870 dessiatinas of allotted land, leasehold - 576 [5].

Roskoshnaya, №9

Roskoshnaya, Colony of Jews, at small river Grushovataya, homesteads - 47, number of people - 382; jewish prayer house [2].

Roskoshnaya - Jewish agricultural colony of Ekaterinoslav guberniya. Established in 1858. Number of families in 1897 - 53; available persons 315. Land of colony - above 2200 dessiatinas; alloted land for colonists - 780 dessiatinas. There is (1910) jewish initial school [5].

Фото/Видео   Pupils and their [parents] near the colony Roskoshnaya school, 1904


Bogodarovka, №10

Bogodarovka (Kovalevskaya), Colony of Jews, at the gully Krutoyarovka, Homesteads - 66, number of people - 495; synagogue [2].

Bogodarevka - Jewish agricultural settlement, Aleksandrovsk uezd, Ekaterinoslav guberniya, established in 1855 mainly come from Vitebsk guberniya. Number of families in 1858 - 35, available in 1897 - 85 (288 m., 263 f.). According to population census 1897 number of people was 679, of them 605 Jews; According to territorial population census 1899 - in total 511 Jews. Comfortable land - 1513,6 dessiatinas. Pupils in 1906 - 27 b. and 41 g. - Ср.: Улейников, "Евр. земл. колонии"; "Сборн. Евр. кол. общ.", табл. 35; Земцов, "Евр. крестьяне" [5].


Фото/Видео
[Group of teachers and employees] at the school of the colony Bogodarovka, 1904
Фото/Видео
[Employees] near the fruit plantation of the colony Bogodarovka, 1904
Фото/Видео
Parishioners near the colony Bogodarovka synagogue, 1904

Gorkaya, №11

Gorkaya (Nazarеvich), Colony of Jews, at the gully Grushovatoy, homesteads - 41, number of people - 439; synagogue, shop [2].

Gorkaya - Jewish agricultural settlement of Ekaterinoslav guberniya. Establish in 1850. In 1897 - 431 persons. - Ср.: Улейников, "Еврейск. земл. кол."; "Сборн. Кол. общ.", II, № 35 [5].

Фото/Видео   Partial view of the country estate and the house of the colony Gorkaya colonist-farmer, 1904

      Mariupol uezd

Grafskaya
Grafskaya, №7

Grafskaya, Colony of Jews, to the left of the new Mariupol tract, at well, to uezd town 150 verst, to police station 18 verst, homesteads - 20, habitancy of male persuasion - 327 and of female persuasion - 264, jewish prayer house [6].

Grafskaya (Kamper-Khutor,), Colony of Jews, at the ravine Zelenyy, homesteads 47, number of people 666; village prikaz (board); to uezd town 70 verst.; jewish prayer house, shop [2].

Grafskaya - Jewish agricultural settlement of Ekaterinoslav guberniya, основанное в 1848; in 1897 - 351 persons. - Ср.: Улейников, "Евр. земл. кол."; Сбор. ЕКО, II, № 35 [5].


Фото/Видео
General view of the colony Grafskaya school;
on the foreground - colonists, 1904
Фото/Видео
Berel Komisaruk`s yard in colony Grafskaya. 1906

Карта
Zelenopol, Nadezhnaya, Sladkovodnaya

Zelenopol, №12

Zelenoe Pole, Colony of Jews, to the right of the Berdyansk tract, at well, to uezd town 153 verst, to police station 20 verst, homesteads - 20, habitancy of male persuasion - 299 and of female persuasion - 299 [6].

Zelenoe Pole (Myadler), Colony of Jews, at the ravine Zelenyy, homesteads - 51, number of people - 930; synagogue [2].

Zelenoe Pole (Zelenopole) - Jewish agricultural colony, Mariupol uezd, Ekaterinoslav guberniya. established in 1853 come from Mogilev and Vilno and Vitebsk guberniyas. According to population census 1897 number of people was 729, of them 658 Jews. In 1901 601 Jews had in use 1.290 dessiatinas. There is synagogue and public bathhouse. In 1906 according to official information the pupils - 23 b., 44 g. (см. Екатерин. губ.) [5].

Фото/Видео   Partial view of the altar in the synagogue of the agricultural colony Zelenopol, 1904


Nadezhnaya, №13

Nadezhnaya, Colony of Jews, to the right of the Berdyansk tract, at well, to uezd town 155 verst, to police station 22 verst, homesteads - 12, habitancy of male persuasion - 288 and of female persuasion - 255 [6].

Nadezhnaya (Vilenskaya), Colony of Jews, at the ravine Zelenyy, homesteads - 63, number of people - 840; jewish prayer house [2].

Nadezhnaya (Vilner) - Jewish agricultural colony, Mariupol uezd, Ekaterinoslav guberniya. Number of available families in 1896 - 115, persons - 693; allotted land - 1170 dessiatinas and leasehold - 690. According to population census 1897 number of people 719, of them 634 Jews. According to territorial population census 1901 available persons - 574; alloted and purchased land - 1360 dessiatinas, leasehold - 604 dessiatinas. There is (1910) one jewish school [5].


Фото/Видео
General view of the colony Nadezhnaya school as seen from the yard, 1904
Фото/Видео
General view of the colony Nadezhnaya school, 1904

Sladkovodnaya, №14

Sladkovodnaya, Colony of Jews, to the right of the Berdyansk tract, at the ravine Kobylnaya, to uezd town 150 verst, to police station 20 verst, homesteads - 8, habitancy of male persuasion - 321 and of female persuasion - 253 [6].

Sladkovodnaya (Sladkovodnaya), Colony of Jews, at the gully Kobylnaya, homesteads - 48, number of people - 899; jewish prayer house [2].

Sladkovodnaya - Jewish agricultural colony, Mariupol uezd, Ekaterinoslav guberniya. Number of families in 1858 - 28; in 1897 - 64. Alloted land - 840. According to population census 1897 number of people was 512, of them 430 Jews [5].


Фото/Видео   [Teachers, employees and pupils] near the colony Sladkovodnaya school, 1904


Карта
Zatishye, Ravnopol, Khlebodarovka

Zatishye, №15

Zatishye (Bakher-Khutor), Colony of Jews, at the gully Sukhie Yaly, homesteads - 74, number of people - 602; village prikaz (board); to uezd town 45 verst; synagogue. In 3 verst-school [2].

Zatishye - Jewish agricultural colony, Mariupol uezd, Ekaterinoslav guberniya, established in 1853 come from Mogilev and Vitebsk guberniyas. In 1890 colonists had 1600 dessiatinas, in 1901 - 1944. According to population census 1897 number of people was 708, of them 527 Jews; in 1906 - 685. In 1906 - pupils: 34 b. and 60 g. There is synagogue, bathhouse, philanthropy [5].


Фото/Видео
Pupils during the lesson in the school of the colony Zatishye, 1904
Фото/Видео
Residents of the colony Zatishye near the building where settlement fiscal institution placed, 1904
Фото/Видео
Children-colonists near the colony Zatishye school; to the left - parishioners at the synagogue, 1904

Ravnopol, №16

Ravnopol (Laten -Khutor), Colony of Jews, on a plain at wells, homesteads - 61, number of people - 457; synagogue [2].

Ravnopol - Jewish agricultural colony, Mariupol uezd, Ekaterinoslav guberniya. Number of families in 1858 - 42; to 1th January 1897 families - 75; according to population census 1897 number of people - 544, of them 447 Jews. In the use of colonists is near 1300 dessiatinas of land [5].

Khlebodarovka, №17

Khlebodarovka - Jewish agricultural colony of Ekaterinoslav guberniya. Number of families in 1858 - 19; in 1897: families - 30; persons - 213. Land of colony - 2410 dessiatinas; allotted land of colonists - 570 dessiatinas [5].


Literature :
1. В.Н.Никитин, Евреи земледельцы. Историческое, законодательное, административное и бытовое положение колоний со времени их возникновения до наших дней. 1807-1887г., С.Петерб. 1887г. стр. 8-12.
2. Екатеринославская губерния. Список населенных мест по сведениям 1859 г.
3. Волости и важнейшие селения европейской России. Издание центрального статистического комитета. Выпуск VIII. Губернии Новороссийской группы. Санкт Петербург 1886.
4. Еврейская энциклопедия Брокгауза и Ефрона (1908-1913)
5. Список населенных мест Мариупольского уезда Екатеринославской губернии, Издание Екатеринославской губернской земской управы, Екатеринослав, Типография губернского земства, 1911.
6. Российская еврейская энциклопедия.
7. И.В. Канкрин, Еврейские земледельческие колонии Александровского уезда Екатеринославской губернии, Екатеринослав, 1893 г.,стр.259.
8. Военно-топографические карты территории Украины 1860-90 г. Масштаб карт отдельных колоний на странице 1 см-600 м.

20-08-2006    

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