Jewish agricultural colonies south of Ukraine and Crimea
01.01.2015 version of the page http://www.evkol.nm.ru/stalindorf_en.htm


 
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История еврейских земледельческих колоний Юга Украины
 
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Колонии Херсонской губернии
 
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Колонии Екатеринославской губернии
 
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О названиях еврейских колоний
 
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Частновладельческие еврейские колонии Херсонской губернии
 
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Религия и еврейские земледельческие колониии
 
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Юденплан
 
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Погромы в годы Гражданской войны
 
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Еврейские национальные административные единицы Юга Украины (1930 г.)
 
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Калининдорфский еврейский национальный район
 
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Сталиндорфский еврейский национальный район
 
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Новозлатопольский еврейский национальный район
 
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Отдельные еврейские земледельческие поселения Юга Украины, основанные в 1920-1930 гг.
 
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Еврейские поселения в Крыму (1922-1926)
 
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Еврейские населенные пункты в Крыму до 1941 г.
 
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Фрайдорфский и Лариндорфский еврейские национальные районы
 
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История отдельных колоний
 
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Катастрофа еврейского крестьянства Юга Украины и Крыма
 
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Воспоминания, статьи, очерки, ...
 
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Списки евреев-земледельцев Херсонской губернии
 
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Списки евреев-земледельцев Екатеринославской губернии
 
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Воины-уроженцы еврейских колоний, погибшие, умершие от ран и пропавшие без вести в годы войны
 
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Жители еврейских колоний - жертвы политических репрессий
 
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Контакт

 
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Colonies of Kherson guberniya
 
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Colonies of Ekaterinoslav guberniya
 
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The Jewish national administrative units of South Ukraine (1930)
 
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Kalinindorf jewish national rayon
 
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Stalindorf jewish national rayon
 
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The Jewish settlements in Crimea (1922-1926)
 
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The Jewish settlements in Crimea till 1941
 
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Fraydorf and Larindorf Jewish national rayons



Yakov Pasik      

Stalindorf jewish national rayon

In the territory of Krivoy Rog okrug of Ukraine were established in 1809-1847 7 Jewish old colonies: Ingulets, Izluchistaya, Kamenka, Novokovno, Novopodolsk, Novovitebsk and Novozhitomir. Since 1924 Jews immigrants began to occupy alloted former landowners land adjoining to old colonies. Tens new emigrant settlements have been established. As a result to 1930 in the territory of okrug was formed the compact mass of the Jewish peasant population of 8000-9000 person borrowed 29000 hectares of arable land.

In July, 1930 by Resolution of the Government in structure Krivoy Rog okrug had been formed new national rayon (district) with the center in old Jewish colony Izluchistaya. The structure of this rayon included 11 village soviets, from them 8 Jewish and 3 Ukrainian, with the general population in 15.000 person, including the Jewish population 8600 person. To day of the organization of rayon its spice was 45152 hectares of land. On February, 3rd, 1931 Central Executive Committee of USSR adjudicate about integration into Izluchistaya rayon the Jewish emigrant settlements and separate Ukrainian and German villages of the neighboring rayons. The population of rayon has increased up to 30 thousand; farm became 6352 instead of 3133. After integration the space of rayon was 94610 hectares. The regional center has been transferred in immigrant settlement Chemerinsk which has been renamed in Stalindorf. The rayon has received name Stalindorf and from 1932 was a part of the Dnepropetrovsk oblast.

The structure of the integrated rayon included 23 Village Soviets:
- 16 Jewish with centers Bucharindorf, Chubarovka, Fraydorf, Izluchistaya, Kamenka, Krasino (western), Krasino (eastern), Lekertovo, Novaya Zarya, Novokovno, Novovitebsk, Novozhitomir, Ozetovka, Stalindorf, Voroshilovka and Voykovdorf;
- four Ukrainian (Chistopol, Loshkarevka, Marevka, Zlatoustovka);
- Two German (Alexandropol, Novosovievka);
- one Russian with the center in Dzerzhinovka.

As well as everywhere in the country, collectivization in rayon has begun in 1929. The Totalitarian state could not exist not having forced the peasants to enter into economically and politically rightless kolkhozes. Materialization of plan of reorganization of an agriculture from the beginning has met resistance as well as everywhere. From the beginning of January, 1930 the basic means of struggle against unwillingness of peasants to enter into kolkhoz became so-called "de-kulakization". "Theory" about absence of "kulaks" and class enemies in the Jewish village established after October revolution has been recognized harmful. As a rule the peasants which got under "de-kulakization" were the most hard-working and enterprising peasants lived rather prosperously owing to their work.

Result of policy of collectivization became sharp decrease in manufacture of agricultural production and drop in the living standards. Violent withdrawal of grain from again organized Jewish kolkhozes has resulted per 1932-33 as well as everywhere in Ukraine in mass famine with destruction of people. The area was one of most suffered from famine in the Dnepropetrovsk oblast. The document 206 " the Report of information sector оргинструкторского a department of Central Committee of Communist Party of Ukraine about the facts of famine and undereating in separate areas of republic" (1.04.1933) testifies that "... The situation of collective farmers of Voroshilov village soviet of Stalindorf rayon is horrible. People have ceased to ask the help. They lay in cold chilly houses and wait the death. There are 14 cases of death from famine".

To the middle of 1930th years though and slowly the economic parameters of kolkhozes and a life of collective farmers improved. In 1935, to the 5 anniversary of the Jewish national rayon the sketch "Stalindorf" by chairman of executive committee of Stalindorf rayon B.Y.Kagan has been published in Kiev. Besides usual for its time eulogy of policy of a communist party and Stalin, in a sketch the concrete material about development of rayon was introduced. All land of rayon made 101 545 hectares, and Jews-immigrants and old residents borrow 54.6% of all land, the Ukrainian population - 31.5%, German - 9.7%, Russian - 4.2%. The population made from above 30.000 person, of them over 13.000 Jews. By the territory and the population as to the general and Jewish the Stalindorf rayon was the largest Jewish national rayon in Ukraine. However the land area witch used by the Jewish population was the lowest (In Kalinindorf rayon - 87.3%, in Novozlatopol - 79.3%).38 Jewish kolkhozes have been created in rayon. 94.6% inhabitants of rayon were engaged in the Agriculture. Tractor, combines and other complex agricultural machines were brought into use. The first in rayon machine and tractor station named after Larin has opened in 1929, in Loshkarevka - 1930, in Stalindorf - 1932. Schooling was carried on the native language. 5250 children of collective farmers, workers and employees studied in the Jewish, Ukrainian, German and Russian schools. The Jewish pedagogical technical school in Novovitebsk trained 140 person - the future teachers of the Jewish school. The office-work in rayon's institutions was partially conducted on a yiddish.

Education in schools was conducted in the native language. 5250 children of collective farmers, workers and employees learned in the Jewish, Ukrainian,German and Russian schools. Jewish College for Teacher Education in Novovitebsk trained 140 people - Future Teachers of the Jewish school. In the rayon's offices paperwork was conducted partially in Yiddish.

The population of the regional center has grown from 535 in 1931 up to 1500 person in January, 1935. The Jewish kolkhoz theatre first in the USSR worked in Stalindorf. Here have opened a cinema with 400 places and new hospital with 50 patient capacity. In 1935 a network of health service has increased considerably: 5 medical ambulance stations, 7 feldsher's station, 2 kolkhoz maternity, 3 drugstores. Newspapers "Stalindorfer emes" in Yiddish and "Leninskyy shlyakh" in the Ukrainian language were published.

Outflow of youth in quickly growing cities, collectivization, "de-kulakization", famine per 1931-34, waves of reprisals against "nationalist elements" have led to sharp reduction of number of the Jewish population in rayon. According to census 1939 in Сталиндорфе lived 748 Jews (47,67%), and in all rayon of 7312 Jews (22,18%).

In the beginning of the Great Patriotic War Stalindorf rayon was occupied by Nazi Germany. In 1941-43 Germans and their acolytes from local population have destroyed 2700 not evacuated Jews of Stalindorf and the whole rayon.

The map of Stalindorf jewish national rayon

Карта

The Jewish settlements of Stalindorf national rayon

Settlement name     Location     Settlement name (data for 2005)

Old colonies

Izluchistaya N 47°55'52",
E 33°46'07"
Village Izluchistoe Kamenka village soviet Sovievka rayon
Kamenka N 47°57'38",
E 33°47'02"
Village Kamenka Kamenka village soviet Sovievka rayon
Novovitebsk N 47°57'38",
E 33°47'02"
Village Novovitebskoe Novovasilevka village soviet Sovievka rayon
Novozhitomir N 47°55'14",
E 33°39'27"
Village Novozhitomir Красинского village soviet rayon
Novokovno N 47°55'14",
E 33°39'27"
Village Novaya Kovna Novovasilevka village soviet Sovievka rayon
Novopodolsk N 47°55'30",
E 33°53'54"
Village Novopodolsk Novovasilevka village soviet Sovievka rayon

New settlements

Botvino (Botvinsky) N 47°52'11",
E 33°53'31"
Village Botvino Stalinskye village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Bukharindorf, uch. 23 (after Ordzhonikidze) N 47°47'14",
E 34°10'13"
Village Ordzhonikidze Novosofievka village soviet Nikopol rayon
Chervonyy Pod N 47°55'28",
E 33°30'55"
Village Chervony Pody Novopodolsk village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Chubarovka, after Stepovoy N 47°56'23",
E 33°44'14"
Bowery Stepovoy Novoyul'evka village soviet Sofievka rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Chubarovka (Chubarya), after Chapaevka and Hrushevka N 47°57'04",
E 33°34'12"
Village Hrushevka (Yuzhnaya) Hrushevka village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Finkeldorf ?
?
Does not exist
Fraydorf, uch. 181 g N 47°47'07",
E 34°16'42"
Village Gvardeyskoe (data of 1946) was included in the village Kirovo Kirovo village soviet Nikopol rayon
Fraydorf or Freydorf (former Emes) N 47°51'18",
E 33°41'02"
Village Volnoe Lenino village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Frayleben N 48°02'41",
E 34°22'28"
Village Svobodnaya Zhizn (Vilne Zhittya) (data of 1946) was included in the village Osipenko Dzerzhinovka village soviet Solonyanoe rayon
Frunzenfeld, uch. 24 N 47°47'28",
E 34°13'42"
Village Frunzevka Nikopol rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Gofenfeld, uch. 16 N 47°50'43",
E 34°17'21"
Village Vysokopol Kirovo village soviet Nikopol rayon
Grosser N 47°53'03",
E 33°36'44"
Village Suvorovka Krasino village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Ilichevka ?
?
Does not exist
Kalinovka N 47°47'04",
E 33°29'49"
Village Kalinovka Roza Luxemburg village soviet Shirokoe rayon
Kalinovka, uch. 9 N 48°01'35",
E 34°18'53"
Village Malaya Kalinovka Dzerzhinovka village soviet Solonyanoe rayon
Khlibopratsya (Khlib i Pratsya) N 47°55'16",
E 33°43'15"
Village Trudovoe Krasino village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Krasino N 47°53'46",
E 33°35'19"
Village Krasino Krasino village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Krasino, uch. 14 N 47°53'48",
E 34°15'42"
Village Krasino Krasino village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data 1946) does not exist
Krasnyy Kustar (Chervonyy Kustar) N 47°51'35",
E 33°43'51"
Included in the village Zlatoustovka Zlatoustovka village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Krasnyy Pakhar (Chervonyy Pakhar) N 47°55'01",
E 33°55'08"
Does not exist
Larinfeld, uch. 19 N 47°49'19",
E 34°12'59"
Village Larino was included in village Putilovka Novosofievka village soviet Nikopol rayon
Lekert (Lekertovka) N 47°45'56",
E 33°30'29"
Village Trudolyubovka Roza Luxemburg village soviet Shirokoe rayon
Lenindorf, uch. 181 d N 47°45'46",
E 34°16'39"
Village Leninskoe Nikopol rayon (data of 1946) was included in village Tavricheskoe Kirovo village soviet Nikopol rayon
Leninsky (poselok Lenina) N 47°51'24",
E 33°50'57"
Village Lenina Zhovtnevoe village soviet Sofievka rayon
Luxemburg, uch. 4 N 47°55'54",
E 34°13'37"
Village Blagodatnoe Chervonoarmeyskoe village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Mendeldorf, uch. 181 v N 47°48'42",
E 34°19'22"
Village Dneprovskoe Nikopol rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Merezhinka, uch. 1 N 47°59'36",
E 34°14'39"
Included in the village Chervonoarmeyskoe Dzerzhinovka village soviet Solonyanoe rayon
Niva, village combined with the other two in the village Larino N 47°54'51",
E 33°33'22"
Village Lenina Krasino village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Novaya Balta, uch. 5 N 47°56'31",
E 34°15'29"
Village Novaya Balta Loshkarevka village soviet Nikopol rayon
Novaya Zarya N 47°49'06",
E 33°35'44"
Village Novaya Zarya Veseloe village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Novaya Proskurovka, uch. 3 N 47°57',
E 34°13'
Village Novaya Proskurovka Chervonoarmeyskoe village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data 1946) does not exist
Novyy Put N 47°51'00",
E 33°34'30"
Village Novyy Put (Novyy Shlyakh) Veseloe village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Ozetovka (Ozet), uch. 2 N 47°58'52",
E 34°13'23"
Village Chervonoarmeyskoe Dzerzhinovka village soviet Solonyanoe rayon
Petrocsky, uch. 6 N 47°57'39",
E 34°17'22"
Village Petrovka Chervonoarmeyskoe village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data 1946) does not exist
Pershotravnevyy N 48°00'58",
E 34°12'21"
Village Pervomayskaya Hrushevka village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Poltavtsy, village combined with the other two in the village Larino N 47°54'56",
E 33°34'02"
Village Lenina Krasino village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Raykhfeld, uch. 17 N 47°50',
E 34°17'
Village Dobropol Voykovo village soviet Nikopol rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Roytfeld (Krasnoe Pole) N 48°00'53",
E 33°00'53"
Village Stepovoe Novoyulevka village soviet Софиевского rayon
Stalindorf (former Chemerinsk) N 47°53'53",
E 33°55'53"
Village Zhovtnevoe (former Stalinskoe) Zhovtnevoe village soviet Sofievka rayon
Tagancha, village combined with the other two in the village Larino N 47°55'00",
E 33°34'29"
Village Lenina Krasino village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Tsetkino, uch. 13 N 47°53'29",
E 34°14'09"
Village Klara Tsetkin Krasino village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data 1946) does not exist
Ulyanovka (Progress) N 47°54'50",
E 33°52'23"
Village Ulyanovka Marevka village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data 1946) does not exist
Uritsky, uch. 20 N 47°49'52",
E 34°08'47"
Bowery Uritskogo Ordzhonikidze village soviet Nikopol rayon (data 1946) does not exist
Uchastok D N 47°53'43",
E 33°49'01"
Village Poddubnoe Marevka village soviet Stalinskoe rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Voroshilova (Voroshilovka) N 47°52'26",
E 33°45'42"
Village Kamenskoe Zlatoustovka village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon
Voroshilovka (Voroshilovo), uch. 8 N 47°55'21",
E 34°17'30"
Village Dolgovka Krinichevatoe village soviet Nikopol rayon
Voykovdorf, uch. 18 N 47°48'45",
E 34°14'32"
Village Voykovo Voykovo village soviet Nikopol rayon (data of 1946) does not exist
Zemtrud (Zemlyanoy Trud) N 47°49'26",
E 33°41'02"
Village Zemtrud Novaya Zarya village soviet Krivoy Rog rayon (data 1946) does not exist


26-06-2008    


Карта
Three old colonistes from the colony number 50. Krivoy Rog region
Photo from the book M. Beyzer, M. Mitsel «American brother. JDC in Russia, the Soviet Union, the CIS »

Карта
Ukraine. Krivoy Rog region. Kibbutz Bukharindorf. Pioneers and old Jew in calf house. 01.05.1929
Photo of Arkady Shaikhet (1898-1959) from site www.fotosoyuz.ru

Карта
Ukraine. Krivoy Rog region. Kibbutz Bukharindorf. Pioneer and old Jew. 01.05.1929
Photo of Arkady Shaikhet (1898-1959) from site www.fotosoyuz.ru

Карта
Ukraine. Krivoy Rog region. Kibbutz Bukharindorf. May-day march in the main street. 01.05.1929
Photo of Arkady Shaikhet (1898-1959) from site www.fotosoyuz.ru


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